GIS Day Contest Reports: Using GIS Cloud for Disaster Management in Jakarta

As we are approaching this year’s Geo Awareness week, our GIS Day project winners are releasing their mapping efforts for the public use.

We already covered a story about Malaria Risk Map project as well as Mapping Tribal Burial Grounds in New Zealand (Te Orewai Wahi Tapu), and now it is time to present the 3rd awarded project – Jakarta Flood Support for Better Preparedness.

Adityo Dwijananto, Elida Nurrohmah, and Ranie Dwi Anugrah wanted to help the local community in Jakarta by creating flood maps for the more efficient disaster management. Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia is being crossed by 13 rivers, and this means it is prone to severe flooding. The main challenge for the local and regional disaster management agencies was in setting up an effective and efficient reporting system.

 

GIS Day Contest participants from the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team (HOT) Indonesia collaborated with the City of West Jakarta, BPBD DKI Jakarta Province, and Wahana Visi Indonesia organization in order to develop a disaster reporting system.

They decided to use the Geo Data Collect (GDC) app developed by HOT Indonesia, combined with GIS Cloud platform.

 

The Project Workflow

The disaster reporting system works on a volunteer basis. People who participate in the project first need to download GDC in order to collect the current status of the disaster in the location for which they are responsible, on the sub-district level. For now, the system allows them to report events such as flood, fire, fallen trees and social conflict.

In addition to the location and type of disaster, volunteers also have to provide info about their identities, causes of the disaster, and the responses given from other institutions. Other options for the volunteers are to report the location and current status of a shelter/IDP camp together with the info about victims and help/aid needed in a specific shelter/IDP camp. The report submitted by volunteers is then stored in ona.io server.

With this system, data is available only for specific people who have the permission to log in the system. So, their main challenge was to find the way to open this data for the public use.

This is where GIS Cloud steps in to solve this gap. The team decided to use GIS Cloud platform to publish the map The data stored in ona.io downloaded in CSV format, converted into SHP format in QGIS, and finally, upload the SHP into GIS Cloud using Map Editor.

The map was opened to the public using GIS Cloud Map Portal solution, and embedded in  KPBK Jakarta Barat website. The map can be accessed by anyone interested in having real time information in cases of disaster, from any device, complete with the attribute data.

 

Results

Adityo, Elida and Rainie reported that, by integrating GDC and GIS Cloud, disaster reporting in Jakarta became faster and more precise than before.

Efficient, fast and precise disaster response translates to better decision making and prioritizing, which means that more people are being saved during natural disasters such as floods. This also means that the awareness of the local community can be significantly improved by providing the access to important facts in real time such as when, where and what disaster events occur in their area.

The figure below shows how this system works:

Disaster Management Mapping

Stay tuned up for more GIS Cloud news for the incoming Geo Awareness Week!

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